Finnish Environment Institute | Suomen ympäristökeskus | Finlands miljöcentral

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Theme: Consumption and production

Consumers and businesses need reliable information on choices that promote sustainability in production and consumption. Such information facilitates decision making in environmental policy issues and helps to evaluate and develop environmental technology.

Environmental problems are in most cases related to consumption and the production of the goods and services we consume. We must reduce hazardous emissions, we must reduce the pressure on land use and the production of waste, and we must learn to use natural resources more eco-efficiently. We must learn how to produce more by using less resources.

The Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) promotes sustainable material and energy economy and control of hazardous emissions, e.g. by assessments of the life cycles of products and services and by developing tools for ecological design of products. Other major issues in the expert and research work at SYKE are the prevention of waste production, effluents, treatment of waste and polluted soil, risks associated to hazardous substances, and industrial emissions.

Jyri Seppälä Director of the Consumption and Production Centre Jyri Seppälä,
Eeva_Furman_pallokuva85px Director of SYKE's Environmental Policy Centre Eeva Furman,
  Director of Laboratory Tero Eklin,



Recent publication highlights

  • Lukkarinen, J., Berg, A., Salo, M., Tainio, P., Alhola, K., Antikainen, R. 2017. An intermediary approach to technological innovation systems (TIS)—The case of the cleantech sector in Finland. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, in press.
  • Lazarevic, D. and Valve, H. 2017. Narrating expectations for the circular economy: towards a common and contested European transition. Energy Research and Social Science.
  • Dahlbo, H., Aalto, K., Eskelinen, H., Salmenperä, H. 2017. Increasing textile circulation—Consequences and requirements. Sustainable Production and Consumption 9: 44-57.
  • Lyytimäki J., Antikainen R., Hokkanen J., Koskela S., Kurppa S., Känkänen R., Seppälä J. (Accepted). Developing key indicators of green growth. Sustainable Development DOI: 10.1002/sd.1690
  • Jalas, M., Hyysalo, S., Heiskanen, E., Lovio, R., Nissinen, A., Mattinen, M., Rinkinen, J., Juntunen, J.K., Tainio, P., Nissilä, H. 2017. Everyday experimentation in energy transition : A practice-theoretical view. Journal of Cleaner Production.
  • Sahimaa, O., Mattinen, M.K., Koskela, S., Salo, M., Sorvari, J., Myllymaa, T., Huuhtanen, J., Seppälä, J. 2017. Towards zero climate emissions, zero waste, and one planet living : Testing the applicability of three indicators in Finnish cities. Sustainable Production and Consumption,
  • Kivimaa, Hilden, H., Huitema, D., Jordan, A., Newig, J. 2017. Experiments in climate governance–a systematic review of research on energy and built environment transitions. Journal of Cleaner Production.
  • Saikku, L., Tainio, P., Hildén, M., Antikainen, R., Leskinen, P., Koskela, S. 2016. Diffusion of solar electricity in the network of private actors as a strategic experiment to mitigate climate change. Journal of Cleaner Production 142: 2730-2740.
  • Implementing the green economy in a European context. Lessons learned from theories, concepts and case studies. Saikku et al. 2015. PEER report.
  • Towards a carbon neutral circular economy – research enhancing the transition, Policy Brief, SYKE


  • Towards Cleaner Air – new report on transboundary air pollution 2016-06-15
    SYKE experts have taken part in compiling the new UNECE report on transboundary air pollution. Emissions have declined in Europe and North America, thanks to effective pollution measures. In Europe average life expectancy has risen by one year and soil acidification has been halted. Declining acidification in lakes has led to fish stocks recovering.
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Published 2013-10-08 at 9:38, updated 2017-05-22 at 10:11
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