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Data sources and methods for assessment of chemical risks in environmental crimes processes (RISTE)

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Basic project information

Background

Viitalan myrkkytynnyrit 2018
Picture by Niina Viitala.

Key actors in environmental crime investigation are the environmental authorities, the police and prosecutors. In the case of suspected environmental offence of chemicals, the police and the prosecutor must ascertain whether the investigation threshold for the crime is exceeded or should the investigation be waived. Parties involved in the crime process do not always know enough chemical-related concepts, which complicate e.g. the interpretation of expert opinions. In addition, there is a lack of common terminology between different authorities related to chemical information. A problem is also the heterogeneity of the chemical data and the identification of its reliability as well as the absence of an established risk assessment procedure.

Expert opinion should also take into account the so-called abstract danger, i.e. the danger that may only be implemented in the future. In this case, expert opinions resemble the risk assessment required for example in the refurbishment of contaminated sites or the assessment of the environmental impacts of industrial processes. Environmental risk assessment tools are not currently being used in environmental crime processes.

Aim

Key actors in environmental crime investigation are the environmental authorities, the police and prosecutors. In the case of suspected environmental offence of chemicals, the police and the prosecutor must ascertain whether the investigation threshold for the crime is exceeded or should the investigation be waived. Parties involved in the crime process do not always know enough chemical-related concepts, which complicate e.g. the interpretation of expert opinions. In addition, there is a lack of common terminology between different authorities related to chemical information. A problem is also the incoherence of the chemical data and the identification of its reliability as well as the absence of an established risk assessment procedure.

Expert opinion should also take into account the so-called abstract danger, i.e. the danger that may only be implemented in the future. In this case, expert opinions resemble the risk assessment required for example in the refurbishment of contaminated sites or the assessment of the environmental impacts of industrial processes. Environmental risk assessment tools are not currently being used in environmental crime processes. Results are to be expected by the end of 2018.

Additional information

Project coordinator, senior researcher Katarina Björklöf, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) p.0295 251 086

Email: firstname.lastname@ymparisto.fi
Twitter: @bjorklof                                                                                                                                                 LinkedIn: Katarina Björklöf (Lotta)

Published 2018-05-18 at 12:35, updated 2018-05-28 at 8:34

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