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Marko Tainio

Principal researcher
Finnish Environment Institute SYKE
Sustainable Urbanisation Programme

Phone: +358-29-525-2127
Twitter: @MarkoTainio

Professional some: LinkedIn, Google Scholar, ORCID ja ResearchGate.

Postal address:
Latokartanonkaari 11
00790 Helsinki


For ten years I have studied how transport impact environment and health in Finland, Poland and United Kingdom. My special focus has been cycling, for which I have estimated health risks and benefits when changes in air pollution, physical activity and traffic accidents (collisions) are taken into account. My main research method is computer modelling and Health Impact Assessment (HIA). I did my PhD from the health effects of air pollution in the National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Finland. In SYKE I will study sustainable transport solutions as part of the Sustainable Urbanisation Programme.

Before joining SYKE I was Senior Research Associate in the University of Cambridge, England (2013-2019), assistant professor is the Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland (2009-2013), and researcher in the National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland (2002-2011). I addition I have been an exchange student in the University of Wageningen, the Netherlands (2002), and participated Young Scientist Summer Program (YSSP) in the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, (IIASA) Austria (2006).


Transport, environment and health; health impact assessment (HIA); air pollution and health (especially fine particulate matter air pollution in an urban environment); risk assessment; computer modelling and Monte Carlo simulation; physical activity and health; noise and health; disability-adjusted life-year, DALY.


  • Title of docent (environmental health impact assessment), University of Eastern Finland, 2015;
  • PhD (environmental health), University of Kuopio, 2009;
  • MSc (environmental science), University of Kuopio, 2003.

Key projects

In below projects I have had significant role (either leading the project and/or key work packages) while applying funding and/or when conducting the project.

  • 2017-2020: “The MEthods and Tools for Assessing the Health Impacts of Transport: modelling study (METAHIT)“. Funded by Medical Research Council (MRC), Methodology Research Programme, UK (MR/P02663X/1). Research grant. £419 519. Duration 36 months. PI James Woodcock.
  • 2017-2019: “Towards an Integrated Global Transport and Health Assessment Tool (TIGTHAT)“. Funded by Medical Research Council (MRC) Global Challenges Research Fund, UK (number: RG87632-SJ). Research Grant. £420 000. Duration: 24 months. PI James Woodcock.
  • 2015-2017: “Kaupunkirakenteen kokonaisvaltainen resurssitehokkuusmalli“. Funded by Prime Minister’s office (Finland). Government Analysis, Assessment and Research Activities project. 300 000 EUR. Duration 20 months. PI Panu Lehtovuori.
  • 2012-2014: “Environmental Health Effects of Local Transportation in Warsaw“. Duration: 24 months. Funded by: Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Poland.
  • 2009-2013: “Transportation, air pollution and physical activities; an integrated health risk assessment programme of climate change and urban policies (TAPAS) (Warsaw workpackage)“. Duration: 48 months. Funded by: Coca Cola Foundation. PI Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen.

Key publications

  1. Fantke P, McKone TE, Tainio M, Jolliet O, Apte JS, Stylianou KS, Illner N, Marshall JD, Choma EF, Evans JS. (2019). Global Effect Factors for Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter. Environmental Science & Technololy 53 (12): 6855-6868.
  2. Woodcock J, Abbas A, Ullrich A, Tainio M, Lovelace R, Sá TH, Westgate K, Goodman A. (2018). Development of the Impacts of Cycling Tool (ICT): A modelling study and web tool for evaluating health and environmental impacts of cycling uptake. PLOS Medicine 15(7): e1002622.
    de Sá TH, Tainio M, Goodman A, Edwards P, Haines A, Gouveia N, Monteiro CA, Woodcock J. (2017). The São Paulo we want? Health impact modelling of different travel patterns for São Paulo, Brazil. Environment International 108: 22–31. Doi:
  3. Tainio M, Monsivais P, Jones NRV, Brand C, Woodcock J. (2017). Mortality, greenhouse gas emissions and consumer cost impacts of combined diet and physical activity scenarios: a health impact assessment study. BMJ Open 2017; 7:e014199.
  4. Tainio M, de Nazelle AJ, Götschi T, Kahlmeier S, Rojas-Rueda D, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, de Sá TH, Kelly P, Woodcock J. (2016). Can air pollution negate the health benefits of cycling and walking? Preventive Medicine 87: 233-236.
  5. Rojas-Rueda D., de Nazelle A., Andersen Z.J., Braun- Fahrländer C., Bruha J., Bruhova-Foltynova H., Desqueyroux H., Praznoczy C., Ragettli S.M., Tainio M., Nieuwenhuijsen M. (2016). Health impacts of active transportation in Europe. Plos one 11(3): 1-14.
  6. Tainio M. (2015). Burden of disease caused by local transport in Warsaw, Poland. Journal of Transport & Health.
  7. Woodcock J., Tainio M., Cheshire J., O’Brien O., Goodman A. (2014). Modelled health impacts of the London bicycle sharing system. British Medical Journal 348:g425.
  8. Tainio M., Juda-Rezler K., Reizer M., Warchałowski A., Trapp W., Skotak K. (2013). Future climate and adverse health effects caused by fine particulate matter air pollution: Case study for Poland. Regional Environmental Change 13 (3): 705-715.
  9. Taimisto P., Tainio M., Karvosenoja N., Kupiainen K., Porvari P., Karppinen A., Kangas L., Kukkonen J., Tuomisto J.T. (2011). Evaluation of intake fractions for different subpopulations due to primary fine particulate matter (PM2.5) emitted from domestic wood combustion and traffic in Finland. Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health 4 (3-4): 199-209.
  10. Rojas-Rueda D., de Nazelle A., Tainio M., Nieuwenhuijsen M. (2011). The health risks and benefits of cycling in urban environments compared with car use: health impact assessment study. British Medical Journal 343: d4521.
  11. Tainio M. Tuomisto J.T., Pekkanen J, Karvosenoja N., Kupiainen K., Porvari P., Sofiev M., Karppinen A., Kangas L., Kukkonen J. (2010). Uncertainty in health risks due to anthropogenic primary fine particulate matter from different source types in Finland. Atmospheric Environment 44 (17): 2125-2132.
  12. Tuomisto J.T., Wilson A., Evans J.S., Tainio M. (2008). Uncertainty in mortality response to airborne fine particulate matter: Combining European air pollution experts. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 93: 732–744.
  13. Tainio M., Tuomisto J.T., Hänninen O., Aarnio P., Jantunen M., Pekkanen J. (2005). Health effects caused by primary fine particulate matter (PM2.5) emitted from busses in Helsinki Metropolitan Area, Finland. Risk Analysis 25 (1): 151-160.
  14. Tuomisto J.T., Tainio M. (2005). An economic way of reducing health, environmental, and other pressures of urban traffic: a decision analysis on trip aggregation. BMC Public Health 5:123.
Published 2019-08-16 at 17:08, updated 2019-09-20 at 16:15

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