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Marko Tainio


Marko Tainio. @Kai Widell.

Sustainable Urban Programme

Email: firstname.lastname@syke.fi
Phone: +358-29-525-2127
Twitter: @MarkoTainio

Professional some: LinkedIn, Google Scholar, ORCID ja ResearchGate.

Postal address:
Latokartanonkaari 11
00790 Helsinki


At SYKE I'm leading the Sustainable Urban Programme (KAO), which generates information on urban development for the policy-makers, citizens and other stakeholder groups. In addition KOA promotes urban research activities at SYKE and supports the generation, analysis and distribution of urban information.

In my research I have studied how transport impact environment and health in an urban environment. My special focus has been on cycling, for which I have estimated health risks and benefits when changes in air pollution, physical activity and traffic accidents (collisions) are taken into account. My main research method is computer modelling and Health Impact Assessment (HIA). I did my PhD from the health effects of air pollution in the National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL), Finland.

Before joining SYKE I was Senior Research Associate in the University of Cambridge, England (2013-2019), assistant professor is the Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland (2009-2013), and researcher in the National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland (2002-2011). I addition I have been an exchange student in the University of Wageningen, the Netherlands (2002), and participated Young Scientist Summer Program (YSSP) in the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, (IIASA) Austria (2006).


Transport, environment and health; health impact assessment (HIA); air pollution and health (especially fine particulate matter air pollution in an urban environment); risk assessment; computer modelling and Monte Carlo simulation; physical activity and health; noise and health; disability-adjusted life-year, DALY.


  • Doctor of Science, informatics (doktor habilitowany, dr hab.), Systems Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciencs, 2020.
  • Title of docent (environmental health impact assessment), University of Eastern Finland, 2015;
  • PhD (environmental health), University of Kuopio, 2009;
  • MSc (environmental science), University of Kuopio, 2003.

Key projects

In below projects I have had significant role (either leading the project and/or key work packages) while applying funding and/or when conducting the project.

  • 2020-2023 (-2026): "Nudging for climate: Using behavioral sciences for steering communities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and fortify carbon sinks (CLIMATE-NUDGE)" Funded by the Strategic Research Council, Finland (336517). Research grant. €400 021. Duration 36 months (72 months). PI Paula Salo, University of Turku.
  • 2017-2020: “The MEthods and Tools for Assessing the Health Impacts of Transport: modelling study (METAHIT)“. Funded by Medical Research Council (MRC), Methodology Research Programme, UK (MR/P02663X/1). Research grant. £419 519. Duration 36 months. PI James Woodcock.
  • 2017-2019: “Towards an Integrated Global Transport and Health Assessment Tool (TIGTHAT)“. Funded by Medical Research Council (MRC) Global Challenges Research Fund, UK (number: RG87632-SJ). Research Grant. £420 000. Duration: 24 months. PI James Woodcock.
  • 2015-2017: “Kaupunkirakenteen kokonaisvaltainen resurssitehokkuusmalli“. Funded by Prime Minister’s office (Finland). Government Analysis, Assessment and Research Activities project. 300 000 EUR. Duration 20 months. PI Panu Lehtovuori.
  • 2012-2014: “Environmental Health Effects of Local Transportation in Warsaw“. Duration: 24 months. Funded by: Ministry of Science and Higher Education, Poland.
  • 2009-2013: “Transportation, air pollution and physical activities; an integrated health risk assessment programme of climate change and urban policies (TAPAS) (Warsaw workpackage)“. Duration: 48 months. Funded by: Coca Cola Foundation. PI Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen.

Key publications

  1. Tainio M, Andersen ZJ, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, Hu L, de Nazelle A, An R, Garcia LMT, Goenka S, Zapata-Diomedi B, Bull F, Sá TH. (2021). Air pollution, physical activity and health: A mapping review of the evidence. Environment International 147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105954
  2. Heydari S, Tainio M, Woodcock J, de Nazelle A. (2020). Estimating traffic contribution to particulate matter concentration in urban areas using a multilevel Bayesian meta-regression approach. Environment International 141: 105800. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105800
  3. Strain T, Brage S, Sharp SJ, Richards J, Tainio M, Ding D, Benichou J, Kelly P. (2020). Use of the prevented fraction for the population to determine deaths averted by existing prevalence of physical activity: a descriptive study. The Lancet Global Health 8 (7): e920-e930. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30211-4
  4. Giallouros G, Kouis P, Papatheodorou SI, Woodcock J, Tainio M. (2020). The long-term impact of restricting cycling and walking during high air pollution days on all-cause mortality: Health impact Assessment study. Environment International 140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.105679
  5. Ahmad S, Goodman A, Creutzig F, Woodcock J, Tainio M. (2019). A comparison of the health and environmental impacts of increasing urban density against increasing propensity to walk and cycle in Nashville, USA. Cities & Health. https://doi.org/10.1080/23748834.2019.1659667
  6. An R, Shen J, Ying B, Tainio M, Andersen ZJ, de Nazelle A (2019). Impact of ambient air pollution on physical activity and sedentary behavior in China: A systematic review. Environmental Research 176: 108545. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2019.108545
  7. Fantke P, McKone TE, Tainio M, Jolliet O, Apte JS, Stylianou KS, Illner N, Marshall JD, Choma EF, Evans JS. (2019). Global Effect Factors for Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter. Environmental Science & Technololy 53 (12): 6855-6868. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b01800
  8. Woodcock J, Abbas A, Ullrich A, Tainio M, Lovelace R, Sá TH, Westgate K, Goodman A. (2018). Development of the Impacts of Cycling Tool (ICT): A modelling study and web tool for evaluating health and environmental impacts of cycling uptake. PLOS Medicine 15(7): e1002622. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002622
  9. de Sá TH, Tainio M, Goodman A, Edwards P, Haines A, Gouveia N, Monteiro CA, Woodcock J. (2017). The São Paulo we want? Health impact modelling of different travel patterns for São Paulo, Brazil. Environment International 108: 22–31. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.07.009
  10. Tainio M, Monsivais P, Jones NRV, Brand C, Woodcock J. (2017). Mortality, greenhouse gas emissions and consumer cost impacts of combined diet and physical activity scenarios: a health impact assessment study. BMJ Open 2017; 7:e014199. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014199.
  11. Tainio M, de Nazelle AJ, Götschi T, Kahlmeier S, Rojas-Rueda D, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, de Sá TH, Kelly P, Woodcock J. (2016). Can air pollution negate the health benefits of cycling and walking? Preventive Medicine 87: 233-236. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.02.002.
  12. Rojas-Rueda D., de Nazelle A., Andersen Z.J., Braun- Fahrländer C., Bruha J., Bruhova-Foltynova H., Desqueyroux H., Praznoczy C., Ragettli S.M., Tainio M., Nieuwenhuijsen M. (2016). Health impacts of active transportation in Europe. Plos one 11(3): 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0149990
  13. Tainio M. (2015). Burden of disease caused by local transport in Warsaw, Poland. Journal of Transport & Health. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2015.06.005
  14. Woodcock J., Tainio M., Cheshire J., O’Brien O., Goodman A. (2014). Modelled health impacts of the London bicycle sharing system. British Medical Journal 348:g425. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.g425
  15. Tainio M., Juda-Rezler K., Reizer M., Warchałowski A., Trapp W., Skotak K. (2013). Future climate and adverse health effects caused by fine particulate matter air pollution: Case study for Poland. Regional Environmental Change 13 (3): 705-715. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-012-0366-6
  16. Taimisto P., Tainio M., Karvosenoja N., Kupiainen K., Porvari P., Karppinen A., Kangas L., Kukkonen J., Tuomisto J.T. (2011). Evaluation of intake fractions for different subpopulations due to primary fine particulate matter (PM2.5) emitted from domestic wood combustion and traffic in Finland. Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health 4 (3-4): 199-209. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11869-011-0138-3
  17. Rojas-Rueda D., de Nazelle A., Tainio M., Nieuwenhuijsen M. (2011). The health risks and benefits of cycling in urban environments compared with car use: health impact assessment study. British Medical Journal 343: d4521. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.d4521
  18. Tainio M. Tuomisto J.T., Pekkanen J, Karvosenoja N., Kupiainen K., Porvari P., Sofiev M., Karppinen A., Kangas L., Kukkonen J. (2010). Uncertainty in health risks due to anthropogenic primary fine particulate matter from different source types in Finland. Atmospheric Environment 44 (17): 2125-2132. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.02.036
  19. Tuomisto J.T., Wilson A., Evans J.S., Tainio M. (2008). Uncertainty in mortality response to airborne fine particulate matter: Combining European air pollution experts. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 93: 732–744. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ress.2007.03.002
  20. Tainio M., Tuomisto J.T., Hänninen O., Aarnio P., Jantunen M., Pekkanen J. (2005). Health effects caused by primary fine particulate matter (PM2.5) emitted from busses in Helsinki Metropolitan Area, Finland. Risk Analysis 25 (1): 151-160. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0272-4332.2005.00574.x
  21. Tuomisto J.T., Tainio M. (2005). An economic way of reducing health, environmental, and other pressures of urban traffic: a decision analysis on trip aggregation. BMC Public Health 5:123. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/5/123. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-5-123
Published 2020-07-29 at 8:25, updated 2021-02-02 at 10:42

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