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Development of rescue actions based on dam-break flood analysis (RESCDAM)


The RESCDAM project lasted for two years beginning June 1, 1999.  The project received financing from the European Commission. Other contributions came from the Finnish Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, the Finnish Ministry of the Interior, the West Finland Regional Environment Centre, the Finnish Environment Institute and the partners mentioned below.

The RESCDAM project was co-ordinated by the Finnish Environment Institute. The partners were: Enel.Hydro Polo Idraulico e Strutturale (Milan), EDF Electricité de France Laboratoire National d´Hydraulique et Environnement (Paris), the Laboratory of Water Resources at the Helsinki University of Technology, the Emergency Services College (Kuopio), Seinäjoki Fire Brigade (Seinäjoki), and the West Finland Regional Environment Centre (Vaasa, Seinäjoki).

The main purpose of the RESCDAM project was to develop emergency action planning for dams. A dam break hazard (flood) analysis is a necessary aid for this. The pilot project of RESCDAM was focused on the embankment dam of the Kyrkösjärvi reservoir located in Seinäjoki in Western Finland.

Summary and dissemination

In summation, the results of the RESCDAM project are:

  • The risk analysis methodology has been studied and refined on the basis of literature and Finnish experience and, as an application example, the risk analysis ofKyrkösjärvi dam was conducted.
  • A sociological research program was completed on the public response to dam safety issues (a questionnaire to the population downstream of Kyrkösjärvi dam).
  • Physical laboratory tests and a literature study concerning human stability and the permanence of houses in flowing water and roughness coefficients of forest and houses were completed.
  • Numerical flow models (1- and 2-dimensional) were applied to Kyrkösjärvi dam and the results of the different models compared.
  • Downstream risks (consequences of Kyrkösjärvi dam failure) were estimated with regard to property and loss of life.
  • An emergency action plan for Kyrkösjärvi dam was drafted.
  • Recommendations were made to update the Finnish Dam Safety Code of Practice concerning emergency and rescue activities.

The RESCDAM project material is also available on a multimedia CD-ROM.

Final report

Final report.pdf (905 Kb)

Appendix 1. Public response to dam safety issues - Kyrkösjärvi dam pilot project.pdf (197 Kb)

Appendix 2. The use of physical models in dam break flood analysis.pdf (942 Kb)

Appendix 3. Concept and bases of risk analysis for dams.pdf (1189 Kb)

Appendix 4. Loss of life caused by dam failure, the RESCDAM LOL Method and its application to Kyrkösjärvi dam in Seinäjoki.pdf (1586 Kb)

Appendix 5. Hydraulic flow models available for dam break flood simulations.pdf (104 Kb)

Appendix 6. Digital terrain models in flood modelling.pdf (128 Kb)

Appendix 7. The pilot project Kyrkösjärvi reservoir and dam.pdf (2874 Kb)

Appendix 8. Watershed models.pdf (29 Kb)

Appendix 9. Determination of the dam breach hydrographs for the Kyrkösjärvi dam break hazard analysis.pdf (448 Kb)

Appendix 10. 1-dimensional flow simulations for Kyrkösjärvi dam break hazard analysis.pdf (1148 Kb)

Appendix 11. Final report June 2000: contribution of EDF.pdf (11216 Kb)

Appendix 12. Final report: contribution of Enel Hydro.pdf (1040 Kb)

Appendix 13. Comparison of ENEL. Hydro?s results of dam-break flow simulations with and without buildings.pdf (623 Kb)

Appendix 14. Report of analysis of the modelling results.pdf (1262 Kb)

Appendix 15. Map: Flood inundation of Kyrkösjärvi DBHA, location A, HQ 1/100.pdf (2044 Kb)

Appendix 16. Maximum flow velocity of Kyrkösjärvi DBHA, location A, HQ 1/100.pdf (1117 Kb)

Appendix 17. Map: Maximum flow depth of Kyrkösjärvi DBHA, location A, HQ 1/100.pdf (1841 Kb)

Appendix 18. Map: Damage parameter (velocity times depht), Kyrkösjärvi DBHA, location A, HQ1/100.pdf ( 1671 Kb)

Appendix 19. Map: Flood inundation of Kyrkösjärvi DBHA , location A, MQ.pdf (1496 Kb)

Appendix 20. Map: Flood inundation of Kyrkösjärvi DBHA, location B, HQ1/100.pdf (1522 Kb)

Appendix 21. Map: Flood inundation of Kyrkösjärvi DBHA, location B, MQ.pdf (927 Kb)

Appendix 22. Map: Flood inundation of Kyrkösjärvi DBHA, location C, HQ1/100.pdf (1367 Kb)

Appendix 23. Map: Flood inundation of Kyrkösjärvi DBHA, location C, MQ.pdf (771 Kb)

Appendix 24: Emergency action plan. Dam of the Kyrkösjärvi reservoir. pdf (12 Mb)

Appendix 25. Recommendations to update the Finnish Dam Safety Code of Practice.pdf (1357 Kb)

Seminar and workshop

International seminar and workshop

Seinäjoki, october 2-5, 2000


A Simple Procedure for Estimating Loss of Dam Failure.pdf (43 Kb)

Wayne J. Graham, USA

Towards Improved Life Loss Estimation Methods: Lessons from Case Histories.pdf (121 Kb)

David S. Bowles, Duane M. McClelland, USA

Risk and Reservoirs in the UK.pdf (139 Kb)

Mark Morris, Henry Hewlett, Craig Elliott, UK

Dam Risk Management at Downstream Valleys: The Portuguese Integrated NATO Project.pdf (129 Kb)

A. Betamio de Almeida, Portugal

Digital terrain modelling for flood analysis and impact assessment in emergency action planning.pdf (144 Kb)

Jouni Sarkkila, Finland

Session 1. Risk Assessment

Hydrological forecasting and real-time monitoring in Finland: The watershed simulation and forecasting system (WSFS).pdf (2037 Kb)

Bertel Vehviläinen, Markus Huttunen, Finland

Spring 2000 large flood in North Ostrobotnia.pdf (3698 Kb)

Reino Embuske, Heikki Nikkarikoski, Heikki Savolainen, Finland

Risk analysis project within the Norwegian HYDRA flood research programme.pdf (166 Kb)

Nils Roar Saelthun, Norway

Session 2. Mathematical and physical modelling to simulate a dam-break flood

One dimensional dam break flood analysis for Kameng hydroelectric project, India.pdf (71 Kb)

S. Masood Husain, Nitya Nand Rai, India

Modelling Breach Formation through Embankments.pdf (118 Kb)

A. Mohamed, Paul G. Samuels, Mark W. Morris, Gurmel S. Ghataora, UK

Modelling urban areas in dam-break flood-wave numerical simulations.pdf (1711 Kb)

Jean-Michel Hervouet, Renè Samie, Benoît Moreau, France

Considerations on urban areas and floating debris in dam-break flood modelling.pdf (887 Kb)

Peter Reiter, Finland

Session 3. Emergency and rescue arrangements

The summary of the dam accident training at Uljua, November 1999 .pdf (773 Kb)

Petri Tuomi, Harri Mäkitalo, Finland

'All Hazards' Emergency Action Planning for Dam Owners: An Efficient Emergency Action Plan Format and Incident Severity Classification System.pdf (53 Kb)

Barbara R. Schuelke, Mary Ahlstrom, Robert K. McGovern, Larry K. Nuss, Chris J. Veesaert, USA

Dam-break emergency planning in Portugal. The role of National Service for Civil Protection.pdf (3834 Kb)

Fernanda Rocha, Portugal

Session 4. Pilot project, Kyrkösjärvi dam and other practical case issues

Dam monitoring using a fibre-optic temperature sensor.pdf (200 Kb)

Marja Englund, Ari Ipatti, Paavo Patrikainen, Antti Leskelä, Henry Ketolampi, Ilkka Kylmänen, Finland

The River Flood and Accident Simulator.pdf (71 Kb)

Knut Alfredsen, Kjetil Arne Vaskinn, Norway

International methods of risk analysis, damage evaluation and social impact studies concerning dam-break accidents.pdf (116 Kb)

Peter Reiter, Finland

Public information meeting on Pamilo dam safety issues.pdf (60 Kb)

Jukka Hassinen, Finland

Contact person

Mr Timo Maijala, M Sc

Finnish Environment Institute

Published 2013-08-27 at 15:22, updated 2013-11-19 at 11:49