During the theme year, researchers from Finland, Estonia and Russia produced a detailed analysis of the state of the gulf’s marine ecosystem. The research was organized around five key research themes, on which more evidence-based data are needed for proper political decision-making. Eutrophication caused by nutrient loading, combating eutrophication as well as climate change were overarching themes.

Some of the crucial aspects of the research plan were an extensive common observation network, use of shared data and identical measurement methods. The themes were chosen to support compliance with national and international legislation, as well as international nature protection agreements.

1. Marine bio- and geodiversity

It is essential to investigate the biological and geological diversity hotspots of the Gulf of Finland to safeguard the ecosystem services provided by marine nature.

2. Pollution and ecosystem health

Contaminants such as heavy metals and DDT pose a serious threat to the health of the ecosystem and also to human health and well-being. Therefore the quantities, effects and dispersal of contaminants have to be investigated.

3. Fish and fishery

The state of fish stocks needs to be assessed to ensure that the marine ecosystem functioning may not be threatened and fishing can continue in the Gulf of Finland.

4. Maritime safety

The heavily trafficked gulf needs comprehensive safety and accident prevention systems, especially due to its challenging winter conditions.

5. Maritime spatial planning

Human actions have a strong impact on the Baltic Sea and its ecology. A common maritime plan is needed for the area, taking into account the interests of the bordering countries within areas such as energy, fishing and shipping.

For more information:

Senior Research Scientist Mika Raateoja, phone. 0295 251 536
Leading Researcher Kai Myrberg, phone. 0295 251 441


Published 2015-12-14 at 12:19, updated 2016-01-14 at 9:45
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