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Finnish Environment Institute | Suomen ympäristökeskus | Finlands miljöcentral

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Start-up and co-creation communities as ecosystems for eco-innovations (SCINNO)


Transition to green economy is widely seen as a necessary step to meet multiple challenges of our time. These challenges include climate change, deficiency of renewable and non-renewable resources and the recent economic recession. A holistic and systematic change towards green economy is a complex process, one that comes from various sectors and different types of technologies, but also from social changes and new ways of working, acting and networking.

Eco-innovations can play a crucial role in achieving green growth, promoting sustainable development and maintaining the competitiveness of European countries. However, less attention has been devoted to the actors in innovation networks and their influence on other networks, policies and the eventual greening of the economy. Yet, there are clear signs that these interactions are becoming increasingly important also from the point of view of innovation policies and their development. The shift poses significant challenges for traditional public RDI-funding and innovation policies.


The scope of this study is to support the transition to green economy by examining the creation and diffusion of eco-innovations in business ecosystems, with special focus on growth entrepreneurship and emerging ecosystems. Our main aim is to identify success factors for constructing and managing eco-innovation ecosystems in different circumstances (or stages of development) in order to improve the competitiveness of Finnish companies. In particular, the purpose is to examine the emergence of co-creation and to identify processes and tools that encourage co-creation.

Our main research questions are:

  • How  can  innovation  ecosystems  support  the  creation  of  eco-innovations  and  competitiveness,  i.e., transition to green economy? How should innovation policies be adjusted in order to take into account the changing innovation environment?
  • How do inventions become successful eco-innovations in start-up communities?
  • How do eco-innovation ecosystems bring new business opportunities? How to facilitate the creation of fruitful ecosystem?
  • How do eco-innovation ecosystems differ in Finland, Sweden and UK?


The study is carried out in four work packages (WPs).
WP1 examines the definitions and criteria for eco-innovations and ecosystems, and provides synthesis and conclusions of the relation of eco-innovations and green economy, as well as the role of innovation policy in ecosystem creation. WP2 and WP3 are case studies of potential eco-innovations and emerging ecosystems, and WP4 provides the comparison with Sweden and UK, and relates the study in international context.

We utilize new software tool AltoGame to support collaborative innovation and agile learning.

Further information

Research Coordinator Riina Antikainen, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) fistname.surname@ymparisto.fi



Published 2014-01-28 at 13:27, updated 2020-07-07 at 9:46

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